In the early 19th century parliament passed laws to curtail child labor. However they all proved to be unenforceable. The first law was passed in 1833. It was effective because for the first time factory inspectors were appointed to make sure the law was being obeyed. The new law banned children under 9 from working in textile factories. It said that children aged 9 to 13 must not work for more than 12 hours a day or 48 hours a week. Children aged 13 to 18 must not work for more than 69 hours a week. Furthermore nobody under 18 was allowed to work at night (from 8.30 pm to 5.30 am). Children aged 9 to 13 were to be given 2 hours education a day.
REBECCA R. NOEL, of Plymouth State University in New Hampshire, presented “Girls Deformed and Reformed by School: Spinal Curvature, Female Exercise, and Healthy Schooling in 19th-Century Britain and the United States” at the 2017 Society for the History of Childhood and Youth conference at Rutgers University — Camden. This presentation traced worries about spinal curvature among female students in Britain and the United States, both in physicians’ and educators’ discourse and in educational practice. It also explored how girls themselves responded to such programs.
Child Labour in the 19th Century Essay - 506 Words
We are delighted to announce the naming of the INCS Essay Prize in honor of Richard Stein, Professor Emeritus at the University of Oregon, for his role as a principal founder of INCS and for his long and crucial service to developing and nurturing our organization. His books and articles as well as his teaching at Harvard, Berkeley, and Oregon have focused on the connections among Victorian literature, history, visual culture, and other arts. In 1985 he recognized something we now take for granted: the need for a collaborative organization devoted to the interdisciplinary study of the nineteenth century.