Essays in philosophy of humanism - …

Abraham Joshua Heschel (1907-1972) was a prolific scholar, impassioned theologian, and prominent activist who participated in the black civil rights movement and the campaign against the Vietnam War. He has been hailed as a hero, honored as a visionary, and endlessly quoted as a devotional writer. In this sympathetic, yet critical, examination, Shai Held elicits the overarching themes and unity of Heschel’s incisive and insightful thought. Focusing on the idea of transcendence—or the movement from self-centeredness to God-centeredness—Held puts Heschel into dialogue with contemporary Jewish thinkers, Christian theologians, devotional writers, and philosophers of religion.

in philosophy, humanism is an attitude that emphasizes the dignity and worth of an individual.

Plato's argument implies that justice and morality are intimately interconnected, because the excellence and goodness of human life — the best way for a person to live — is intimately dependent upon and closely interwoven with those 'things that we find desirable in themselves and for their consequences [1]....

Essays on Humanism and the Philosophy of Art By T

A basic premise of humanism is that people are rational beings who possess within themselves the capacity for truth and goodness.

Privatdozent Heidegger, in his second year of lecturing, examines how phenomenology, as a strict science, should approach the factical experience of life. Phenomenology should investigate factical life, in order to uncover the ground, "original science", of factical life. Factical life provides phenomenology with access, so that phenomenology can investigate that ground. By investigating through factical life, phenomenology can investigate the experience of life without objectifying it, as a science might. For examples of life experiences, Heidegger refers to Stephan George's poem "The Tapestry of Life", to , and to everday situations. He says that philosophers need to be evaluated with phenomelogy, and interpreted with respect to the ground of factical life. The works of Kant, Hegel, "those from Marburg", Bergson, William James, must be reckoned with.

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The word subjectivism has two meanings, and our opponents play on the two. Subjectivism means, on the one hand, that an individual chooses and makes himself; and, on the other, that it is impossible for man to transcend human subjectivity. The second of these is the essential meaning of existentialism. When we say that man chooses his own self, we mean that every one of us does likewise; but we also mean by that that in making this choice he also chooses all men. In fact, in creating the man that we want to be, there is not a single one of our acts which does not at the same time create an image of man as we think he ought to be. To choose to be this or that is to affirm at the same time the value of what we choose, because we can never choose evil. We always choose the good, and nothing can be good for us without being good for all.

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Two lecture courses, The Fundamental Question of Philosophy, summer semester 1933, and On the Essence of Truth, the following winter. The sources are mainly attendees' transcripts.

parrhesia :: a journal of critical philosophy

If, on the other hand, existence precedes essence, and if we grant that we exist and fashion our image at one and the same time, the image is valid for everybody and for our whole age. Thus, our responsibility is much greater than we might have supposed, because it involves all mankind. If I am a workingman and choose to join a Christian trade-union rather than be a communist, and if by being a member I want to show that the best thing for man is resignation, that the kingdom of man is not of this world, I am not only involving my own caseI want to be resigned for everyone. As a result, my action has involved all humanity. To take a more individual matter, if I want to marry, to have children; even if this marriage depends solely on my own circumstances or passion or wish, I am involving all humanity in monogamy and not merely myself. Therefore, I am responsible for myself and for everyone else. I am creating a certain image of man of my own choosing. In choosing myself, I choose man.