What is a Judge's Role in Court

Major abuses included extrajudicial killings, disappearances, torture, illegal arrests, arbitrary detentions, poor prison conditions, lengthy pretrial detention, lack of due process, corruption and inefficiency in the judiciary, illegal searches, violence against women, discrimination against women and indigenous persons, some limits on worker rights, and extensive child labor in agriculture and in the informal economy.[300]

Most people know that juries often decide who wins and loses at trial

5 In fact, what the --what the law is, is if6 you're a lawyer running for judge, unless you7 become a judge, the Bar will prosecute you under8 the Bar rules for that conduct.


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Two fundamental measures of success in human rights cases are whether the officials responsible for torture, "disappearance," or extrajudicial execution serve prison time, and whether the government compensates the victim. By these measures, Mexico's record is exceedingly poor. At its rhetorical best, the Foreign Ministry argues that only eight people have been successfully prosecuted for torture, but the ministry does not even assert that those torturers are actually serving their sentences. In its most recent annual report, the CNDH noted that between May 1997 and May 1998 a total of thirty-nine public servants were indicted for human rights crimes based on commission recommendations, an increase over the twenty-eight documented in its prior annual report but a marked decrease from the 161, ninety-six, and seventy in years past.[260] The commission, however, does not maintain statistics on the final outcome of the cases it documents, so no global figures regarding convictions are available.


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Cases where the JQC has exercised jurisdiction over a judge for violations of the Florida Rules of Professional Conduct all occurred while when the respondent was already a judge, actively becoming a judge or proximate in time to one ofthose occurrences.

We encourage all who witness such injustice to report it

The structural protections intended by the Florida Constitution and the rules governing the JQC have become so compromised as to render the proceedings fundamentally unfair and a violation of due process.

and urge prosecutors not to wait until ajudge is ..

Torture, "disappearances," and extrajudicial executions remain widespread in Mexico, despite numerous legal and institutional reforms adduced by successive Mexican governments as evidence of their commitment to protecting human rights. Indeed, reforms have taken place, but they have failed to abate, much less resolve, these serious, seemingly intractable problems. In part, this is because political leaders have been unwilling to ensure that existing human rights-related laws are applied vigorously; authorities are more likely to close ranks and deny that even well-documented abuses ever took place than they are to insist that those responsible be brought to justice.

Winter 1980 - The Human Life Review

Based on research conducted over two years, this report documents cases of torture, "disappearance," and extrajudicial execution in five Mexican states, examining the violent abuses committed by police or soldiers and the actions of political leaders, prosecutors, and judges that followed. It demonstrates how and why the formal system of human rights protections in Mexico fails as victims pass from the hands of police or soldiers to prosecutors and judges. The cases permit an analysis of three interrelated stages in human rights cases: violations of individual guarantees prior to violent abuse, including illegal arrest and detention in excess of legally mandated limits; the violent human rights violations that followed, such as torture and "disappearance"; and the way prosecutors and judges dealt with the victims, including their use of confessions that followed improper or prolonged detention or torture and the citation by judges of legal precedent allowing them to avoid questioning such evidence. The Mexican government has failed to structure the justice system-understood to encompass police, prosecutors, and the courts-such that the goals of investigating crimes and punishing criminals are consonant with the aims of protecting human rights and promoting the rule of law. This failure is evident whether the victim is a suspected robber, accused drug trafficker, or alleged leftist guerrilla.